Hepatic expression of various members of the cytochrome P-450 (CYP) superfamily is suppressed during inflammatory responses. We have shown that the specific expression of P-450 2C11 in male rat liver is suppressed transcriptionally by endotoxin treatment. To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we studied the effects of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF), interferon (IFN)-α, and IFN-γ on the expression of P-450 2C11 and the mRNAs of two typical acute-phase protein genes, α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) and fibrinogen, in primary hepatocyte cultures. IL-1, IL-6, TNF, and IFN-α all suppressed P-450 2C11 mRNA, whereas IFN-γ had no effect. IL-1 and TNF were more effective than IL-6 in the suppression of P-450 2C11 mRNA. Whereas IL-1 and IL-6 effects on P-450 2C11 were accompanied by induction of AGP and fibrinogen mRNAs, IFN-α and TNF treatments had no effect on AGP. The suppression of P-450 2C11 and the induction of AGP by IL-1 showed similar time courses. The combination of IL-1 and IL-6 showed additivity in suppression of P-450 2C11, at maximally effective concentrations of cytokines. The effects of IL-1 on P-450 2C11 and AGP expression were blocked by IL-1 receptor antagonist protein. We also studied the effects of IL-1 and IL-6 on the transient expression of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene constructs containing 200 or 1287 base pairs of the 5′ flanking region of the CYP2C11 gene, transfected into primary hepatocytes. The chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activities in cells transfected with the 200-base pair construct were reduced to about 33% and 58% of control levels by treatment with IL-1 or IL-6, respectively, suggesting that sequences important for cytokine down-regulation lie within the proximal promoter region of the CYP2C11 gene.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine