Superoxide dismutase mimetic with catalase activity, EUK-134, attenuates the multiple organ injury and dysfunction caused by endotoxin in the rat

Roberta D Emmanuele Bianca, Nicole S. Wayman, Michelle C. McDonald, Aldo Pinto, Martyn A. Sharpe, Prabal K. Chatterjee, Christoph Thiemermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Reactive oxygen species contribute to the multiple organ failure endotoxic shock. Here we investigate the effects of a salen-manganese complex, which exhibits both superoxide dismutase and catalase activity (EUK-134), on the circulatory failure and the renal and liver injury and dysfunction caused by endotoxin in the anaesthetised (thiopentone, 120 mg/kg) rat. Material/Methods: Male Wistar rats were anaesthetised with thiopentone sodium (120 mg/kg i.p.) and instrumented for the measurements of systemic haemodynamics. Animals recived lipopolysaccharide (LPS, E. coli, 6 mg/kg i.v.) or saline and were treated with either EUK-134 (0.3 or 1 mg/kg bolus injection followed by an infusion of 0.3 or 1 mg/kg/h) or its vehicle (saline). After 6 h of endotoxaemia, blood was taken to evaluate biochemical parameters of organ injury and dysfunction. All data are mean ± s.e. mean of n observations. Statistical comparisons were made with a ANOVA followed by Dunnet's test for multiple comparisons. Results: Endotoxaemia for 6 h caused hypotension, renal dysfunction, liver injury, skeletal-muscle injury and pancreatic injury. Treatment of rats with EUK-134 attenuated the renal dysfunction as well as the liver and skeletal muscle injury (but not the pancreatic injury) caused by endotoxin. Conclusions: Thus, an enhanced formation of reactive oxygen species importantly contribute to the organ injury and dysfunction associated with endotoxic shock. We propose that small molecules, which have the catalytic activity of both superoxide dismutase and catalase, may represent a novel therapeutic approach for the therapy of endotoxic shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMedical Science Monitor
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 20 2002

Keywords

  • EUK-134
  • EUK-8
  • Multiple organ failure
  • Oxygen radicals
  • Shock
  • Superoxide anions
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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