Suicide Distribution and Trends Among Male Older Adults in the U.S., 1999–2018

Sanae El Ibrahimi, Yunyu Xiao, Caroline D. Bergeron, Niema Y. Beckford, Eddy M. Virgen, Matthew L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Introduction: This study examines the distribution and trends in suicide death rates among male adults aged ≥65 years in the U.S. from 1999 to 2018. Methods: Suicide mortality data were derived from Multiple Cause of Death from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database. Suicides were identified from the underlying causes of death. Joinpoint regression examined the distribution and shift in suicide age-adjusted death rates overall and by age groups, race/ethnicity, method of suicide, and urbanicity. Analyses were conducted in 2020. Results: Between 1999 and 2018, a total of 106,861 male adults aged ≥65 years died of suicide (age-adjusted rate=31.4 per 100,000 population, 95% CI=31.2, 31.6). Suicide rates showed a V-shaped trend. They were declining annually by 1.8% (95% CI= −2.4, −1.2); however, starting in 2007, there was a shift upward, increasing significantly by 1.7% per year for the next decade (95% CI=1.0, 1.6). Suicide rates were highest among those aged ≥85 years (48.8 per 100,000 population with an upward shift in 2008), Whites (35.3 per 100,000 population with an upward shift in trend in 2007), and the most rural communities (39.0 per 100,000 population). Most suicides were due to firearms (78.3% at a rate of 24.7 per 100,000 population), especially in rural areas, and shifted upward after 2007. Conclusions: Increases in suicide rates among male older adults in the U.S., particularly after the 2007–2008 economic recession, are concerning. Tailored suicide prevention intervention strategies are needed to address suicide-related risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)802-811
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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