The rat hepatic cytosolic receptor binding affinities of 8-substituted 2,3-dichlorodibenzofurans and 8-substituted 2,3,4-trichlorodibenzofurans have been measured. The EC50-value for each compound was determined by dose-response competitive displacement of 2,3,7,8-[3H]tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Multiple parameter linear regression analysis of the data using several substituent parameters [lipophilicity (π), hydrogen bonding (HB), electronegativity (σ0p), STERIMOL (ΔB5)] demonstrated that for both sets of ligands, the binding affinities were dependent on substituent π-values. The equations derived for the 8-substituted 2,3,4-trichlorodibenzofurans (a) and 8-substituted 2,3-dichlorodibenzofurans (b) were log( 1 EC50)=1.09π+5.77 log( 1 EC50)=1.10π+5.19remarkably similar, moreover the relatively bulky t-butyl substituent was treated as an outlier for both calculations. The in vitro induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) in rat hepatoma H-4-II E cells by both sets of ligands demonstrated that there was not a rank order correlation between induction potencies and receptor binding affinities for these compounds. Analysis of the data for the 8-substituted 2,3-dichlorodibenofurans demonstrated that the monooxygenase enzyme induction was dependent on substituent lipophilicity and a STERIMOL (ΔB5) factor which is related to log( 1 EC50)AHH=0.80π+0.87θB5-0.35(θB5)2+4.63 log( 1 EC50)AHH=0.76π-1.11θB5+2.23ω°p+6.78substituent width. In contrast, the equation for the 8-substituted 2,3,4-trichlorodibenzofurans also included a substituent σ0p Hammett constant. The results indicate that although the binding affinities of the two sets of ligands are dependent only on substituent π-values, their enzyme induction activities are both substituent and chlorine substitution pattern-dependent.
- Receptor binding
- Substituted polychlorinated dibenzofurans
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