Stuttering has been with us throughout time. It is global, pan-cultural, and is noted in all languages. Of the adult population, 1-2% stutter; 4% of children stutter. Any theory purporting to explain stuttering must explain the cocontraction of laryngeal agonists and antagonists, genetic findings of stuttering, the male sexual bias, and the fluency evoking paradigms of singing, speaking while inhaling, white noise, and delayed auditory feedback. This paper presents a neuro-laryngeal analysis of stuttering that attempts to correlate these phenomena. Various neurophysiologic mechanisms of cerebral/laryngeal/auditory systems will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-139
Number of pages23
JournalCRC Critical Reviews in Clinical Neurobiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology


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