Structure and orientation of Apo B-100 peptides into a lipid bilayer

Laurence Lins, Robert Brasseur, Maryvonne Rosseneu, Chao Yuh Yang, Doris A. Sparrow, James T. Sparrow, Antonio M. Gotto, Jean Marie Ruysschaert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peptides corresponding to lipid binding domains of Apo B-100 were synthesized, purified, and incubated with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) liposomes. The secondary structure of the apo B-100 peptide-lipid complexes was evaluated by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). Those peptides belonging to the hydrophobic 'core' domain of apo B-100 when associated with phospholipids were rich in β sheet structure; a predominant α helical conformation was shown to be associated with one peptide located in a surface region of apo B-100. IR dichroic spectra revealed, in the case of the 'core' peptides, that the β sheet component is the only oriented structure with respect to the phospholipid acyl chains. This orientation of the β sheet was recently found in LDL particles after proteolytic digestion by trypsin (Goormaghtigh, E., Cabiaux, V., De Meutter, J., Rosseneu, M., and Ruysschaert, J. M., 1993, Biochemistry 32, 6104-6110). Altogether, the data suggest that β sheet, present in a high proportion in the native apo B-100, is probably another protein structure in addition to the amphipathic helix which strongly interacts with the lipid outer layer surrounding the LDL particle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-88
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Protein Chemistry
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

Keywords

  • ATR-FTIR
  • LDL
  • apo B-100
  • synthetic peptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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