Structure and expression of the human gene encoding major heat shock protein HSP70

B Wu, C Hunt, R Morimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

402 Scopus citations


We have cloned a human gene encoding the 70,000-dalton heat shock protein (HSP70) from a human genomic library, using the Drosophila HSP70 gene as a heterologous hybridization probe. The human recombinant clone hybridized to a 2.6-kilobase polyadenylated mRNA from HeLa cells exposed to 43 degrees C for 2 h. The 2.6-kilobase mRNA was shown to direct the translation in vitro of a 70,000-dalton protein similar in electrophoretic mobility to the HSP70 synthesized in vivo. From the analysis of S1 nuclease-resistant mRNA-DNA hybrids, the HSP70 gene appears to be transcribed as an uninterrupted mRNA of 2.3 kilobases. We show that the cloned HSP70 gene contains the sequences necessary for heat shock-induced expression by two criteria. First, hamster cells transfected with a subclone containing the HSP70 gene and flanking sequences synthesized a HSP70-like protein upon heat shock. Second, human cells transfected with a chimeric gene containing the 5' flanking sequences of the HSP70 gene and the coding sequences of the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene transcribed the chimeric gene upon heat shock. We show that the HSP70 mRNA transcribed in an adenovirus 5 transformed human cell line (293 cells) is identical to the HSP70 mRNA induced by heat shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-41
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1985


  • Acetyltransferases
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Restriction Enzymes
  • DNA, Recombinant
  • Drosophila
  • Electrophoresis, Agar Gel
  • Escherichia coli
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • HeLa Cells
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Humans
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Poly A
  • RNA, Messenger


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