Apolipoprotein B-100 (apo B-100) contains putative lipid-associating regions that are, in part, responsible for its overall structure in human plasma low-density lipoproteins. Some of these regions have been identified by reassembly of the total tryptic peptides of apo B-100 with bovine brain sphingomyelin, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (POPC) and dimyristoylphos-phatidylcholine (DPMC). Although more than 500 tryptic peptides are predicted from the known number of arginines and lysines in apo B-100, significant amounts of only 13 peptides spontaneously associate with all three phospholipids. These peptides share some structural characteristics, as predicted by several algorithms, that distinguish them from the water-soluble apolipoproteins. Most apolipoproteins associate with lipids via amphipathic helices and are highly helical in native and reassembled lipoproteins. Analysis of all apo B-100 lipophilic peptides by circular dichroism and by use of a predictive algorithm reveals no evidence of amphipathic helices. Although the predictive algorithm suggested that the lipophilic peptides of apo B-100 contain the sequence determinants for β-sheet, no spectroscopic evidence for this structure was found. We conclude that the lipophilic regions of apo B-100 liberated by trypsinolysis are highly hydrophobic, although their secondary structures do not fit any simple model.
- apolipoprotein B-100
- circular dichroism
- high-performance liquid chromatography
- lipid-associating region
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