Structure-activity profiles of novel 6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3- d ]pyrimidine thienoyl antifolates with modified amino acids for cellular uptake by folate receptors α and β and the proton-coupled folate transporter

Lalit K. Golani, Christina George, Sai Zhao, Sudhir Raghavan, Steven Orr, Adrianne Wallace, Mike R. Wilson, Zhanjun Hou, Larry H. Matherly, Aleem Gangjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Structure-activity relationships for cellular uptake and inhibition of cell proliferation were studied for 2-amino-4-oxo-6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine thienoyl antifolates in which the terminal l-glutamate of the parent structure (7) was replaced by natural or unnatural amino acids. Compounds 7 and 10-13 were selectively inhibitory toward folate receptor (FR) α-expressing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Antiproliferative effects of compounds 7 and 9-13 toward FRα- and FRβ-expressing CHO cells were only partly reflected in binding affinities to FRα and FRβ or in the docking scores with molecular models of FRα and FRβ. Compounds 7 and 11 were potent inhibitors of glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase in de novo purine biosynthesis in KB human tumor cells. These studies establish for the first time the importance of the α- and γ-carboxylic acid groups, the length of the amino acid, and the conformation of the side chain for transporter binding and biological activity of 6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine thienoyl antifolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8152-8166
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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