Structural characterisation of the mouse nuclear oxysterol receptor genes LXRα and LXRβ

Siegfried Alberti, Knut Rune Steffensen, Jan Åke Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxysterols are important regulatory molecules of diverse biological processes such as cholesterol homeostasis, bile acid synthesis and apoptosis. Recent findings led to the suggestion that some of these functions are mediated by the nuclear receptors LXRα and LXRβ owing to their potential to bind a group of naturally occurring oxysterols as their ligands. In this report, we compare the genomic structure and the promoter regions of the two mouse LXR genes. In addition, we show evidence for the presence of a processed, but truncated LXRβ pseudogene in the mouse genome. RACE-PCR on mouse liver cDNA demonstrates the presence of more than one defined transcription initiation site for both genes. The LXRα and LXRβ promoter regions are GC-rich and contain a number of putative Sp1 binding sites but lack obvious TATA and CAAT boxes. A database search revealed several sequence motifs in the LXR promoter regions that resemble known transcription factor binding sites. Most striking is the identification of one potential NFκB and seven potential Ets-protein binding sites in the LXRβ promoter, suggesting an important role for this receptor in the haematopoietic/immune system. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-103
Number of pages11
JournalGene
Volume243
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2000

Keywords

  • Genomic organisation
  • Hormone receptor
  • Initiation of transcription
  • Promoter
  • Pseudogene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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