Structural analysis of the functional gene and pseudogene encoding the murine granulocyte colony‐stimulating‐factor receptor

Yasuhiko ITO, Yoshiyuki SETO, Camilynn I. BRANNAN, Neal G. Copeland, Nancy A. Jenkins, Rikiro FUKUNAGA, Shigekazu NAGATA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is a cytokine which specifically regulates the production of neutrophilic granulocytes. The granulocyte colony-stimulating-factor receptor (GCSFR) is mainly expressed in neutrophils and their precursor cells. In this study, we isolated the chromosomal gene for murine GCSFR and determined its structure. Like the human GCSFR gene homolog, it consists of 17 exons. The exon-intron organization of the murine and human GCSFR-encoding genes are very similar, except that exon 14 and exon 15 in the murine gene are interrupted by a larger intron (greater than 10 kbp) than that found in the human gene (128 bp). This GCSFR-encoding functional gene (Csfgr) was localized to the distal region of murine chromosome 4 by interspecific backcross mapping. A comparison of the 5' flanking sequence of murine and human Csfgr revealed that a sequence of approximately 300 bp upstream from the cap site is highly conserved. Within this region, an 18-nucleotide element conserved in the promoter of the genes for neutrophil-specific enzymes, was found approximately 140 bp upstream from the cap site, suggesting an involvement of this element in the specific expression of GCSFR in neutrophilic granulocytes. In addition to the functional GCSFR-encoding gene, we isolated a pseudogene for GCSFR, which is flanked by a 15-bp direct repeat at the 5' and 3' ends, and lacks all introns, exons 1-3 and exons 7-8 of the functional gene. The processed pseudogene has, in its most 5' region, a sequence of approximately 200 bp that is highly related to the DNA sequence approximately 1.2 kbp upstream of the cap site of the functional gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)881-891
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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