We demonstrate that silicon-polymer composite microbridges provide a robust means of water vapor detection at ambient pressure. Volumetric changes in the reactive polymer alter the tension in a doubly clamped structure leading to large and rapid changes in the resonance frequency. We demonstrate stress-based sensing of water vapor in ambient pressure nitrogen using doubly clamped buckled beams coated with a hygroscopic polymer. We show stress sensitivity of around 20 kPa (∼170 ppb of water vapor) and subsecond response time for coated microbridges.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)