Lipid extracts of human meconium were separated by chromatography on silicic acid and lipophilic Sephadex. Trimethylsilyl ethers of sterols in the free and ester fractions were analyzed by gas chromatography‐mass spectrometry. Cholesterol and lathosterol made up 93% of the total sterols and were the predominating sterols in the unesterified fraction (relative abundance: 96%). The remaining 4% in this fraction consisted of lanosterol, 24,25‐dihydro‐Δ8‐lanosterol, 24,25‐dihydro‐Δ9‐lanosterol, 4α,14α‐dimethyl‐5α‐cholest‐7 (and 8)‐en‐3β‐ol, and Δ7‐ and Δ8‐methostenol. The sterol ester fraction contained 4,4‐dimethyl‐5α‐cholest‐8‐en‐3β‐ol, 4,4‐dimethyl‐5α‐cholest‐8,14‐dien‐3β‐ol, β‐sitostanol, cholesterol, lathoesterol, lanosterol, 24,25‐dihydro‐Δ8‐lanosterol, 4α,14α‐dimethyl‐5α‐cholest‐7(and 8)‐en‐3β, and Δ7‐ and Δ8‐methostenol. However, this fraction contained a smaller proportion of Δ7‐sterols than the free fraction. The percentage of cholesterol and lathosterol was also relatively smaller (75%) than in the free sterol fraction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1969|
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