Static Suspension of the Paralyzed Face Utilizing the Midfacial Corridor: Anatomic Evaluation and Surgical Technique

Michael J. Klebuc, Amy S. Xue, Paul A. Niziol, Andres F. Doval

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Fascia lata and tendon grafts are frequently utilized to support the paralyzed midface and to extend muscular reach in McLaughin style, orthodromic temporalis transfers. The grafts are frequently placed in a deep subcutaneous positioning that can lead to the development of a, bowstring deformity in the cheek. This paper describes insertion of tendon grafts into the midfacial corridor collectively formed by the buccal, submasseteric and superficial temporal spaces. Methods: Over a seven-year period, all patients that underwent insertion of facia lata and tendon grafts in the midfacial corridor were included. Demographic information, perioperative variables and clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 22 patients were included with a mean age of 64.3 years (33-86). There were multiple etiologies for the facial weakness including acoustic neuroma (9.1%), Bell's palsy (13.6%), facial nerve schwannoma (9.1%), temporal bone fracture (4.6%) and malignancy (22.7%). Midfacial corridor grafts were utilized in combination with nerve transfers (V-VII and XII-VII) in nine patients, McLaughin style temporalis transfers in 12 and as a standalone procedure in one individual. During the study period, no patients exhibited a tethering, or concave deformity in the midface. Additionally, no impingement, difficulties with mastication, parotitis or hematoma were encountered. One patient developed a postoperative infection, that was successfully managed. Conclusion: Placement of tendon or fascia grafts for static support or tunneling of an orthodromic temporalis transfer through the midfacial corridor can be performed rapidly while providing midfacial support and avoiding the creation of visible cutaneous deformities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)270-275
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2022


  • buccal fat pad
  • facial paralysis
  • fascial graft
  • lengthening temporalis myoplasty
  • Face/surgery
  • Fascia Lata/transplantation
  • Nerve Transfer
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Facial Nerve
  • Facial Paralysis/surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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