Static Suspension of the Paralyzed Face Utilizing the Midfacial Corridor: Anatomic Evaluation and Surgical Technique

Michael J. Klebuc, Amy S. Xue, Paul A. Niziol, Andres F. Doval

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction â Fascia lata and tendon grafts are frequently utilized to support the paralyzed midface and to extend muscular reach in McLaughin style, orthodromic temporalis transfers. The grafts are frequently placed in a deep subcutaneous positioning that can lead to the development of a, bowstring deformity in the cheek. This paper describes insertion of tendon grafts into the midfacial corridor collectively formed by the buccal, submasseteric and superficial temporal spaces. Methods â Over a seven-year period, all patients that underwent insertion of facia lata and tendon grafts in the midfacial corridor were included. Demographic information, perioperative variables and clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed. Results â A total of 22 patients were included with a mean age of 64.3 years (33-86). There were multiple etiologies for the facial weakness including acoustic neuroma (9.1%), Bell's palsy (13.6%), facial nerve schwannoma (9.1%), temporal bone fracture (4.6%) and malignancy (22.7%). Midfacial corridor grafts were utilized in combination with nerve transfers (V-VII and XII-VII) in nine patients, McLaughin style temporalis transfers in 12 and as a standalone procedure in one individual. During the study period, no patients exhibited a tethering, or concave deformity in the midface. Additionally, no impingement, difficulties with mastication, parotitis or hematoma were encountered. One patient developed a postoperative infection, that was successfully managed. Conclusion â Placement of tendon or fascia grafts for static support or tunneling of an orthodromic temporalis transfer through the midfacial corridor can be performed rapidly while providing midfacial support and avoiding the creation of visible cutaneous deformities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Facial paralysis
  • buccal fat pad
  • fascial graft
  • lengthening temporalis myoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Static Suspension of the Paralyzed Face Utilizing the Midfacial Corridor: Anatomic Evaluation and Surgical Technique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this