Aktuelle moderne bildgebung der Aorta: Teil I - Grundlagen und perspektiven von CT und MRT

Translated title of the contribution: State-of-the-art aortic imaging: Part I - Fundamentals and perspectives of CT and MRI

Fabian Rengier, Philipp Geisbüsch, Rolf Vosshenrich, Matthias Müller-Eschner, Christof Karmonik, Paul Schoenhagen, Hendrik von Tengg-Kobligk, Sasan Partovi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last two decades, imaging of the aorta has undergone a clinically relevant change. As part of the change non-invasive imaging techniques have replaced invasive intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography as the former imaging gold standard for aortic diseases. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) constitute the backbone of pre- and postoperative aortic imaging because they allow for imaging of the entire aorta and its branches. The fi rst part of this review article describes the imaging principles of CT and MRI with regard to aortic disease, shows how both technologies can be applied in every day clinical practice, off ering exciting perspectives. Recent CT scanner generations deliver excellent image quality with a high spatial and temporal resolution. Technical developments have resulted in CT scan performed within a few seconds for the entire aorta. Therefore, CT angiography (CTA) is the imaging technology of choice for evaluating acute aortic syndromes, for diagnosis of most aortic pathologies, preoperative planning and postoperative follow-up aft er endovascular aortic repair. However, radiation dose and the risk of contrast induced nephropathy are major downsides of CTA. Optimisation of scan protocols and contrast media administration can help to reduce the required radiation dose and contrast media. MR angiography (MRA) is an excellent alternative to CTA for both diagnosis of aortic pathologies and postoperative follow-up. The lack of radiation is particularly benefi cial for younger patients. A potential side eff ect of gadolinium contrast agents is nephrogenic systemic fi brosis (NSF). In patients with high risk of NSF unenhanced MRA can be performed with both ECG- and breath-gating techniques. Additionally, MRI provides the possibility to visualise and measure both dynamic and fl ow information.

Translated title of the contributionState-of-the-art aortic imaging: Part I - Fundamentals and perspectives of CT and MRI
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)395-412
Number of pages18
JournalVasa - Journal of Vascular Diseases
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Aorta
  • Aortic diseases
  • Computed tomography
  • Imaging
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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