Stat4, a novel gamma interferon activation site-binding protein expressed in early myeloid differentiation

Koh Yamamoto, Frederick W. Quelle, William E. Thierfelder, Brent L. Kreider, Debra J. Gilbert, Nancy A. Jenkins, Neal G. Copeland, Olli Silvennoinen, James N. Ihle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

197 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interferon regulation of gene expression is dependent on the tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the DNA-binding activity of two related proteins of 91 kDa (STAT1) and/or 113 kDa (STAT2). Recent studies have suggested that these proteins are substrates of Janus kinases and that proteins related to STAT1 are involved in a number of signalling pathways, including those activated in myeloid cells by erythropoietin and interleukin- 3 (IL-3). To clone STAT-related proteins from myeloid cells, degenerate oligonucleotides were used in PCRs to identify novel family members expressed in myeloid cells. This approach allowed the identification and cloning of the Stat4 gene, which is 52% identical to STAT1. Unlike STAT1, Stat4 expression is restricted but includes myeloid cells and spermatogonia. In the erythroid lineage, Stat4 expression is differentially regulated during differentiation. Functionally, Stat4 has the properties of other STAT family genes. In particular, cotransfection of expression constructs for Stat4 and Jak1 or Jak2 results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat4 and the acquisition of the ability to bind to the gamma interferon (IFN-γ)-activated sequence of the interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) gene. Stat4 is located on mouse chromosome 1 and is tightly linked to the Stat1 gene, suggesting that the genes arose by gene duplication. Unlike Stat1, neither IFN-α nor IFN-γ activates Stat4. Nor is Stat4 activated in myeloid cells by a number of cytokines, including erythropoietin, IL-3, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, stem cell factor, colony-stimulating factor 1, hepatocyte growth factor, IL-2, IL-4, and IL-6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4342-4349
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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