Stable gene regulatory network modeling from steady-state data

Joy Edward Larvie, Mohammad Gorji Sefidmazgi, Abdollah Homaifar, Scott H. Harrison, Ali Karimoddini, Anthony Guiseppi-Elie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gene regulatory networks represent an abstract mapping of gene regulations in living cells. They aim to capture dependencies among molecular entities such as transcription factors, proteins and metabolites. In most applications, the regulatory network structure is unknown, and has to be reverse engineered from experimental data consisting of expression levels of the genes usually measured as messenger RNA concentrations in microarray experiments. Steady-state gene expression data are obtained from measurements of the variations in expression activity following the application of small perturbations to equilibrium states in genetic perturbation experiments. In this paper, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator-vector autoregressive (LASSO-VAR) originally proposed for the analysis of economic time series data is adapted to include a stability constraint for the recovery of a sparse and stable regulatory network that describes data obtained from noisy perturbation experiments. The approach is applied to real experimental data obtained for the SOS pathway in Escherichia coli and the cell cycle pathway for yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Significant features of this method are the ability to recover networks without inputting prior knowledge of the network topology, and the ability to be efficiently applied to large scale networks due to the convex nature of the method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12
JournalBioengineering
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Convexity
  • Gene regulatory network
  • Reverse engineering
  • Sparse network
  • Stable network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

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