SR 11302, an AP-1 Inhibitor, Reduces Metastatic Lesion Formation in Ex Vivo 4D Lung Cancer Model

Dhruva Kumar Mishra, Min P. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activator protein (AP) -1 is a transcription factor, plays important role in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Analysis of tumor cells grown on ex vivo 4D lung cancer model shows increase in components of AP-1, c-Fos and c-Jun in circulating tumor cells (CTC) compared to primary tumor. Our aim was to determine whether the AP-1 inhibitor SR11302 reduces metastatic lesion formation in the 4D model. Human lung cancer cell lines A549, H1299, and H460 were grown in the 4D model and treated with SR11302 (1 μM). We compared the number of cells in the metastatic site upon SR11302 treatment and number of viable CTCs isolated from the 4D model with parental cells treated/untreated with SR11302 on a petri dish. There were significantly fewer tumor cells per high-power field on metastatic site in 4D model seeded with H460 (p = 0.009), A549 (p = 0.01), or H1299 (p = 0.02) cells treated with SR11302. Furthermore, the CTCs from SR11302 treated 4D models, seeded with H460 (p = 0.04), A549 (p = 0.008), or H1299 (p = 0.01) cells had significantly fewer viable tumor cells after 4 days in culture than the respective untreated control. However, the SR11302 had no impact on the viability of parental H460 (p = 0.87), A549 (p = 0.93), or H1299 (p = 0.25) cells grown on a petri dish (2D). SR11302 reduces metastatic lesion formation in the ex vivo 4D lung cancer model due to the presence of an independent yet common pathway among three cell lines. The ex vivo 4D model may provide a tool to better understand the complex process of metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Microenvironment
Volume10
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • 4D lung model
  • AP1
  • Lung cancer
  • Metastasis
  • SR11302

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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