This study investigates the relation of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmia on ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring to the subsequent inducibility of ventricular tachycardia during programmed electrical stimulation. Eighty patients (65 men, 15 women), whose mean age was 58 yeas, presented with one of the following: sustained ventricular tachycardia (n = 54); sudden death requiring resuscitation (n = 4); ventricular fibrillation (n = 11); or syncope thought to be of cardiac origin (n = 11). All patients had 24 hour ambulatory electrocardiograms and programmed electrical stimulation while receiving no antiarrhythmic therapy. Programmed electrical stimulation resulted in inducible sustained ventricular tachycardia (defined as a rate of ≥120 beats/min for ≥1 minute or requiring intervention) in 53 of the 80 patients. There was no measure of frequency or complexity of spontaneous arrhythmia detected on ambulatory ECG that could identify the degree of subsequent ventricular tachycardia inducibility during programmed electrical stimulation. In fact, 25% of patients who had inducible sustained ventricular tachycardia had little or no spontaneous arrhythmia on ambulatory ECG. Furthermore, of the 53 patients with inducible sustained ventricular tachycardia, 28 and 55% had no couplets or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, respectively, during ambulatory monitoring. The combination of a clinical presentation of sustained ventricular tachycardia, confirmed coronary artery disease and a left ventricular ejection fraction of <30% had a better positive predictive value than did any ambulatory ECG criterion in predicting the inducibility of sustained ventricular tachycardia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine