Splenic switch-off in regadenoson 82Rb-PET myocardial perfusion imaging: assessment of clinical utility

Jean Michel Saad, Ahmed Ibrahim Ahmed, Yushui Han, Lamees I. El Nihum, Fares Alahdab, Faisal Nabi, Mouaz H. Al-Mallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Splenic switch-off (SSO) is a phenomenon describing a decrease in splenic radiotracer uptake after vasodilatory stress. We aimed to assess the diagnostic utility of regadenoson-induced SSO. Methods: We included consecutive patients who had clinically indicated Regadenoson Rb-82 PET-MPI for suspected CAD. This derivation cohort (no perfusion defects and myocardial flow reserves (MFR) ≥ 2) was used to calculate the splenic response ratio (SRR). The validation cohort was defined as patients who underwent both PET-MPI studies and invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Results: The derivation cohort (n = 100, 57.4 ± 11.6 years, 77% female) showed a decrease in splenic uptake from rest to stress (79.9 ± 16.8 kBq⋅mL vs 69.1 ± 16.2 kBq⋅mL, P <.001). From the validation cohort (n = 315, 66.3 ± 10.4 years, 67% male), 28% (via SRR = 0.88) and 15% (visually) were classified as splenic non-responders. MFR was lower in non-responders (SRR; 1.55 ± 0.65 vs 1.76 ± 0.78, P =.02 and visually; 1.18 ± 0.33 vs 1.79 ± 0.77, P <.001). Based on ICA, non-responders were more likely to note obstructive epicardial disease with normal PET scans especially in patients with MFR < 1.5 (SRR; 61% vs 34% P =.05 and visually; 68% vs 33%, P =.01). Conclusion: Lack of splenic response based on visual or quantitative assessment of SSO may be used to identify an inadequate vasodilatory response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1484-1496
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Early online dateJan 6 2023
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • Myocardial perfusion imaging
  • positron emission tomography
  • regadenoson
  • spleen
  • splenic switch-off
  • vasodilatory agent
  • Humans
  • Purines/pharmacology
  • Male
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
  • Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Rubidium Radioisotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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