Estrogens have important physiological roles in the cardiovascular system. We use DNA microarray technology to study the molecular mechanism of estrogen action in the heart and to identify novel estrogen-regulated genes. In this investigation we identify genes that are regulated by chronic estrogen treatment of mouse heart. We present our detailed characterization of one of these genes, lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS). Northern and Western blot analysis revealed that L-PGDS was induced both by acute and chronic estrogen treatment. Northern blot analysis, using estrogen receptor (ER)-disrupted mice, suggests that L-PGDS is specifically induced by ERβ in vivo. In further support of ERβ-selective regulation, we identify a functional estrogen-responsive element in the L-PGDS promoter, the activity of which is up-regulated by ERβ, but not by ERα. We demonstrate that a one-nucleotide change (A to C) in the L-PGDS estrogen-responsive element affects receptor selectivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology