Specific actions of cyanide on membrane potential and voltage-gated ion currents in rostral ventrolateral medulla neurons in rat brainstem slices

Gang Wang, Ping Zhou, Michael A. Repucci, Eugene V. Golanov, Donald J. Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined specific effects of sodium cyanide (CN) on the membrane potential (MP), spontaneous discharge (SD) and voltage-gated ion current of the identified bulbospinal rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) neuron in the rat pup brainstem slice. 125 μM CN rapidly depolarized MP in the RVLM neuron by 11.6 mV as well as enhanced the SD rate by 300%. In contrast, the same dose of CN immediately hyperpolarized unlabeled, non-RVLM neurons by 4.8 mV. 50 μM CN did not significantly affect voltage-gated Ca++ or A-type K+ currents. The same concentration of CN, however, rapidly and reversibly suppressed voltage-gated Na+ currents and sustained outward K+ currents in the RVLM neuron by 22.5% and 23%, respectively. Tetraethylammonium could mimic the effect of CN on MP, SD and sustained K+ current in the RVLM neuron. It is concluded that: (1) like that from the adult rat, the rat pup bulbospinal RVLM neuron can be selectively and rapidly excited by CN; (2) the hypoxia-sensitive, sustained outward K+ channel may play an important role in the acute hypoxia-induced excitation of the RVLM neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-129
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume309
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2001

Keywords

  • Brainstem slices
  • Cyanide
  • Hypoxia
  • Oxygen-sensitive ion channels
  • Patch-clamp
  • Pre-sympathoexcitation
  • Rostral ventrolateral medulla neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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