Sorption of his-tagged Protein G and Protein G onto chitosan/divalent metal ion sorbent used for detection of microcystin-LR

Hary Demey, Scherrine A. Tria, Romain Soleri, Anthony Guiseppi-Elie, Ingrid Bazin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


A highly sensitive, specific, simple, and rapid chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) was developed for the determination of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) by using strategies for oriented immobilization of functionally intact polyclonal antibodies on chitosan surface. Several physicochemical parameters such as metal ion adsorption, hexahistidine-tagged Protein G sorption, the dilution ratio polyclonal antibody concentration, and peroxidase-labeled MC-LR concentration were studied and optimized. The sorption in batch system of G-histidine and G-proteins was studied on a novel sorbent consisting of chitosan/divalent metal ions. Transition metals as Ni++ and Zn++ were immobilized through interaction with –NH2 groups of chitosan in order to supply a material capable to efficiently remove the proteins from aqueous solutions. The maximum uptake of divalent metals onto the chitosan material was found to be 230 mg g−1 for Zn++ and 62 mg g−1 for Ni++. Experimental data were evaluated using the Langmuir and Freundlich models; the results were well fitted with the Langmuir model; chitosan/Ni++ foam was found to be the best sorbent for G-protein, maximum sorption capacity obtained was 17 mg g−1, and chitosan/Zn++ was found to be the best for G-histidine with a maximum sorption capacity of 44 mg g−1. Kinetic data was evaluated with pseudo-first- and pseudo-second-order models; the sorption kinetics were in all cases better represented by a pseudo-second-order model. Under optimum conditions, the calibration curve obtained for MC-LR gave detection limits of 0.5 ± 0.06 μg L−1, the 50 % inhibition concentration (IC50) was 2.75 ± 0.03 μg L−1, and the quantitative detection range was 0.5–25 μg L−1. The limit of detection (LOD) attained from the calibration curves and the results obtained demonstrate the potential use of CLEIA with chitosan support as a screening tool for the analysis of pollutants in environmental samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Affinity tag
  • Antibody orientation
  • Chitosan
  • Microcystin-LR
  • Protein G

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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