SOM and MCODE methods of defining functional clusters in MRI of the brain

Patrick O'Driscoll, Erzsebet Merenyi, Christof Karmonik, Robert Grossman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent advances in analysis of fMRI have established the existence of functional sub-networks in the human brain that are active during the performance of visual, motor, language, and other tasks. We describe two computational methods of delineating functional sub-networks that are active when an individual performs an approach-avoidance paradigm. The paradigm consisted of presentation of images of pleasant and unpleasant faces that were shown to nine volunteers for 10 seconds after a preceding rest period of 50 seconds during which a green computer screen was displayed. The subjects were instructed to squeeze a ball with their right hand if they judged the face to be unpleasant, in which case the unpleasant face would disappear. An fMRI BOLD activation was created and used as input for two different kinds of clustering method: The MCODE algorithm based on graph-theoretical analysis and a Conscious Self-Organizing Map (CSOM). Clustering obtained with both methods was based on the temporal variations of the fMRI BOLD signal activity. Both methods identified distinct regions in the brain which were separated by long-range connections. The MCODE algorithm was supplied with time-courses for activated voxels when performing the paradigm, while the CSOM clustering used all voxels in the brain. Both yielded similar clusters for activated voxels. The combination of MCODE and CSOM presents a new approach in identifying functional subunits in the human brain and warrants further investigation into the subject.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages734-737
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2014
Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2014Aug 30 2014

Publication series

Name2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014

Other

Other2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period8/26/148/30/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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