Solitary parathyroid adenoma localization in technetium Tc99M sestamibi SPECT and multiphase multidetector 4D CT

T. H. Vu, D. Schellingerhout, N. Guha-Thakurta, J. Sun, W. Wei, S. C. Kappadth, N. Perrier, E. E. Kim, E. Rohren, H. H. Chuang, F. C. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Minimally invasive parathyroid surgery relies critically on image guidance, but data comparing the efficacy of various imaging modalities are scarce. Our aim was to perform a blinded comparison of the localizing capability of technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT, multiphase multidetector 4D CT, and the combination of these 2 modalities (technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT multiphase multidetector 4D CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 31 (6 men, 25 women; median age, 56 years) consecutive patients diagnosed with biochemically confirmed primary hyperparathyroidism between November 2009 and March 2010 who underwent preoperative technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT and multiphase multidetector 4D CT performed on the same scanner with pathologic confirmation by resection of a single parathyroid adenoma. Accuracy was determined separately for localization to the correct side and quadrant using surgical localization as the standard of reference. RESULTS: Surgical resection identified 14 left and 17 right parathyroid adenomas and 2 left inferior, 12 left superior, 11 right inferior, and 6 right superior parathyroid adenomas. For left/right localization, technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT achieved an accuracy of 93.5% (29 of 31), multiphase multidetector 4D CT achieved 96.8% accuracy (30 of 31), and technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT multiphase multidetector 4D CT achieved 96.8% accuracy (30 of 31). For quadrant localization, technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT accuracy was 67.7% (21 of 31), multiphase multidetector 4D CT accuracy was 87.1% (27 of 31), and technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT multiphase multidetector 4D CT accuracy was 93.5% (29 of 31). Reader diagnostic confidence was consistently ranked lowest for technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT and highest for technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT multiphase multidetector 4D CT. CONCLUSIONS: For left/right localization of parathyroid adenomas, all modalities performed equivalently. For quadrant localization, technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT multiphase multidetector 4D CT is superior to technetium Tc99m sestamibi SPECT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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