Socioeconomic Deprivation and Premature Cardiovascular Mortality in the United States

Graham H. Bevan, Khurram Nasir, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Sadeer Al-Kindi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the variability in county cardiovascular (CV) premature mortality explained by integrated metrics of socioeconomic deprivation and to explore temporal trends in CV mortality by county socioeconomic deprivation.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of US county-level death certificate data from 1999 to 2018 of age-adjusted premature (25 to 64 years) CV mortality. Integrated metrics of socioeconomic deprivation (Social Deprivation Index [SDI] and county Area Deprivation Index [ADI]) were associated with mortality using linear regression analysis. Relative change in county CV mortality from 1999 to 2018 was associated with indices using linear regression analysis.

RESULTS: Counties with higher quartile SDI and ADI had significantly higher total, non-Hispanic Black/African American, and female premature CV mortality (P<.001). Both SDI and ADI were significantly associated with CV mortality by linear regression (P<.001) explaining 40% and 44% of county variability in CV mortality, respectively. Counties with lower deprivation indices experienced a larger decreased in premature CV mortality (P<.001).

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates an association between multiple integrated metrics of socioeconomic deprivation and premature cardiovascular mortality and shows potentially worsening disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1108-1113
Number of pages6
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality, Premature
  • Racial Groups
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States/epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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