Socio-economic association of alcohol use disorder and cardiovascular and alcohol-associated liver disease from 2010 to 2019

Pojsakorn Danpanichkul, Vincent L. Chen, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Thanida Auttapracha, Siwanart Kongarin, Cheng Han Ng, Kwanjit Duangsonk, Mark D. Muthiah, Banthoon Sukphutanan, Benedix Sim, Daniel Q. Huang, Yuya Seko, Brian P. Lee, Hirokazu Takahashi, Mazen Noureddin, Jeffrey V. Lazarus, Luis Antonio Díaz, Juan Pablo Arab, Jessica Leigh Mellinger, Suthat LiangpunsakulKarn Wijarnpreecha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Backgrounds and Aims: Alcohol use leads to disabilities and deaths worldwide. It not only harms the liver but also causes alcohol use disorder (AUD) and heart disease. Additionally, alcohol consumption contributes to health disparities among different socio-economic groups. Methods: We estimated global and regional trends in the burden of AUD, liver disease, and cardiovascular disease from alcohol using the methodology of the Global Burden of Disease study. Results: In 2019, the highest disability-adjusted life years rate per 100,000 population was due to AUD (207.31 [95% Uncertainty interval (UI) 163.71–261.66]), followed by alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) (133.31 [95% UI 112.68–156.17]). The prevalence rate decreased for AUD (APC [annual percentage change] −0.38%) and alcohol-induced cardiomyopathy (APC −1.85%) but increased for ALD (APC 0.44%) and liver cancer (APC 0.53%). Although the mortality rate for liver cancer from alcohol increased (APC 0.30%), mortality rates from other diseases decreased. Between 2010 and 2019, the burden of alcohol-associated complications increased in countries with low and low-middle sociodemographic index (SDI), contributing more significantly to the global burden. Conclusion: The global burden of AUD, liver, and cardiovascular disease has been high and increasing over the past decade, particularly for liver complications. Lower SDI countries are contributing more to this global burden. There is a pressing need for effective strategies to address this escalating burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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