Desigualdades sociales en factores de riesgo cardiovascular en hombres y mujeres por comunidad autónoma en España

Translated title of the contribution: Social inequities in cardiovascular risk factors in women and men by autonomous regions in Spain

Pedro Gullón, Julia Díez, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Manuel Franco, Usama Bilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe social inequities in cardiovascular risk factors in women and men by autonomous regions in Spain. Method: We used data from 20,406 individuals aged 18 or older from the 2017 Spanish National Health Survey. We measured socioeconomic position using occupational social class and used data on self-reported cardiovascular risk factors: high cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and smoking. We estimated the relative risk of inequality using Poisson regression models. Analyses were stratified by men and women and by region (autonomous communities). Results: Overall, the relative risk of inequality was 1.02, 1.13, 1.06, 1.17 and 1.09 for high cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and current smoking, respectively. Ocuupational social class inequities in diabetes, hypertension, and obesity was stronger for women. Results showed a large regional heterogeneity in these inequities; some regions (e.g. Asturias and Balearic Islands) presented wider social inequities in cardiovascular risk factors than others (e.g. Galicia, Navarra or Murcia). Conclusion: In Spain, we found marked social inequities in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, with wide regional and women/men heterogeneity in these inequities. Education, social, economic and health policies at the regional level could reduce health inequities in cardiovascular risk factors and, thus, prevent cardiovascular disease.

Translated title of the contributionSocial inequities in cardiovascular risk factors in women and men by autonomous regions in Spain
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)326-332
Number of pages7
JournalGaceta Sanitaria
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Epidemiology
  • Health disparities
  • Health inequities
  • Social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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