Sleep Apnea and Atrial Fibrillation: Role of the Cardiac Autonomic Nervous System

Liliana Tavares, Adi Lador, Miguel Valderrábano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Sleep apnea is highly associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), and both diseases are highly prevalent in the United States. The mechanistic underpinnings that contribute to their association remain uncertain, but numerous possible mechanisms have been proposed, including dysfunction of the cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS). Studies have reported that apnea induces hyperactivity of the ANS, leading to increases in AF susceptibility. This review compiles the latest evidence on the role of the ANS in sleep-apnea-induced AF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-52
Number of pages4
JournalMethodist DeBakey cardiovascular journal
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2021

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • autonomic nervous system
  • central sleep apnea
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • sensory neurons
  • sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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