Skin and soft tissue necrosis from calcium chloride in a deicer

Min Peter Kim, Vittorio J. Raho, John Mak, A. Murat Kaynar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calcium chloride salt is the principle ingredient of many commercially available deicers. Calcium chloride melts snow and ice by its osmotic action. We present a case of skin and soft tissue necrosis associated with the use of a calcium chloride-containing deicer. Although calcium chloride is known to produce soft tissue necrosis if it extravasates during intravenous administration, necrosis and skin sloughing has rarely been described after topical exposure to this salt. Calcium chloride likely produces tissue injury from the heat liberated by mixing calcium chloride with water (exothermic reaction) and from direct calcium deposits in the skin (calcinosis cutis) and soft tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-44
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Keywords

  • calcinosis cutis
  • Calcium chloride
  • deicer
  • exothermic
  • necrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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