Physiopathologie de l'ischémie-reperfusion et du conditionnement ischémique du muscle squelettique – applications cliniques pour le chirurgien vasculaire

Translated title of the contribution: Skeletal muscle ischemia-reperfusion and ischemic conditioning pathophysiology–clinical applications for the vascular surgeon

C. Delay, S. Paradis, A. L. Charles, F. Thaveau, B. Chenesseau, J. Zoll, N. Chakfe, B. Geny, A. Lejay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemia-reperfusion, which is characterized by deficient oxygen supply and subsequent restoration of blood flow, can cause irreversible damage to tissue. The vascular surgeon is daily faced with ischemia-reperfusion situations. Indeed, arterial clamping induces ischemia, followed by reperfusion when declamping. Mechanisms underlying ischemia-reperfusion injury are complex and multifactorial. Increases in cellular calcium and reactive oxygen species, initiated during ischemia and then amplified upon reperfusion are thought to be the main mediators of reperfusion injury. Mitochondrial dysfunction also plays an important role. Extensive research has focused on increasing skeletal muscle tolerance to ischemia-reperfusion injury, especially through the use of ischemic conditioning strategies. The purpose of this review is to focus on the cellular responses associated with ischemia-reperfusion, as well as to discuss the effects of ischemic conditioning strategies. This would help the vascular surgeon in daily practice, in order to try to improve surgical outcome in the setting of ischemia-reperfusion.

Translated title of the contributionSkeletal muscle ischemia-reperfusion and ischemic conditioning pathophysiology–clinical applications for the vascular surgeon
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)29-30
Number of pages2
JournalJMV-Journal de Medecine Vasculaire
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Ischemic conditioning
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Vascular surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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