An integrated structural pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model was developed for the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist abciximab administered to patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. PK/PD data, in the form of plasma abciximab concentrations and ex vivo platelet aggregation in the presence of 20 μM adenosine diphosphate, were obtained from two previously conducted clinical studies. Study 1 consisted of patients who were given abciximab as a single intravenous injection of 0.25 mg/kg (n = 32). Patients in study 2 received an identical bolus dose, followed by a 36-h infusion at 0.125 μg/kg/min (n = 15). The PK component of the final model included drug-receptor binding, nonspecific distribution, and linear systemic clearance, whereas the PD module assumed that ex vivo dynamics were controlled by free plasma drug concentration. Mean PK/PD data from both studies were fitted simultaneously using nonlinear regression. PK profiles from both studies show rapidly decreasing plasma abciximab concentrations at early time points, but with extended terminal disposition phases. The maximum effect (E max = 83.6%) was achieved rapidly and gradually returned to baseline values, although inhibition could be measured long after abciximab concentrations dropped below the detection limit. The final model well described the resulting PK/PD profiles and allowed for parameter estimation with relatively small coefficients of variation. Simulations were conducted to assess predicted receptor-occupancy and effects of selected parameters on PK/PD profiles. Models such as the one developed in this study demonstrate how drug binding to pharmacological targets may influence the PK of certain drugs and also provide a suitable paradigm for defining the PK/PD relationships of similar compounds.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Dec 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine