Silent myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease - possible links with diastolic left ventricular dysfunction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Silent myocardial ischemia is now recognized as a common manifestation within the clinical spectrum of coronary artery disease and has important physiological, hemodynamic, and prognostic implications. Asymptomatic ST segment shifts during ambulatory 24-hour electrocardiographic monitoring and exercise treadmill testing are far more frequent than symptomatic ST shifts and are associated with abnormal myocardial perfusion as assessed by radionuclide scintigraphy. Seemingly healthy asymptomatic patients and patients with stable coronary artery disease, unstable angina, or recent myocardial infarction are all at higher risk of subsequent cardiovascular morbidity if there is evidence of silent ischemia. Hemodynamic studies have clearly documented the adverse effects of ischemia on left ventricular systolic :- function. Furthermore, diastolic relaxation and filling appear to be altered by both symptomatic and asymptomatic ischemia during atrial pacing and dynamic exercise independent of changes in systolic function. The majority of patients with coronary artery disease have abnormal diastolic parameters at rest, regardless of anginal symptoms, which are partially reversible after coronary revascularization procedures such as angioplasty and bypass surgery. Regional diastolic dysfunction from scar or ischemia can lead to asynchronous myocardial relaxation and thus affect global diastoiic function, depending on the extent and severity of the regional abnormalities. Diastolic function seems more susceptible to ischemia than systolic function and can take longer to recover. Further data are needed to better delineate the clinical implications of long-term diastolic dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume81
Issue number2 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

Keywords

  • Diastolic dysfunction
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Silent ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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