Fifty-eight patients underwent repair of acute type A dissection between 1986 and 1992. Follow-up aortogram, computed tomographic scan with contrast, magnetic resonance imaging scan, or a combination of these tests was available in 38 patients with preoperatively patent distal false lumens. All distal anastomoses were constructed with the open technique during a period of circulatory arrest. There were 25 suture and 13 intraluminal graft anastomoses. Patency of the distal false lumen was found in 47.3%. Use of the intraluminal graft for the distal anastomosis decreased patency, although not significantly ( 4 13, 30% versus 14 25, 56%; p = 0.14). The direction of flow into the false lumen was antegrade in 11 of 24 (45.8%) of sutured anastomoses and 0 of 9 intraluminal graft anastomoses (p < 0.01). Actuarial survival at 5 years for patients with closed distal false lumen was 95% ± 4.8% versus 76% ± 15% for patients with patency of the distal false lumen (p = not significant). Event-free survival at 5 years for both groups was 84% ± 8.3% (closed false lumen) and 63% ± 13.5% (patency of distal false lumen; p = not significant). This experience indicates that in the treatment of acute type A dissections, operative strategy and anastomotic technique play a role in reducing the incidence of patency and related complications of the distal false lumen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine