Sex Disparities in Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Delayed Presentation and Worse Right Heart Failure

Harveen K. Lamba, Riyad Kherallah, Ajith P. Nair, Alexis E. Shafii, Gabriel Loor, Mahwash Kassi, Subhasis Chatterjee, Joseph G. Rogers, Andrew B. Civitello, Kenneth K. Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We explored whether women undergo continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation in later stages of heart failure (HF) than men, evidenced by worse preoperative right HF (RHF). We also compared two propensity models with and without preoperative RHF to assess its effect on outcomes. INTERMACS was queried from July 2008 to December 2017. Propensity model 1 matched men and women on age ≥50 years, HF etiology, body surface area, INTERMACS class, comorbidities, device strategy, temporary mechanical circulatory support, and device type. Model 2 included these variables plus LV end-diastolic diameter, right atrial pressure/pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, pulmonary artery pulsatility index, and right ventricular ejection fraction. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes comprise RHF, rehospitalization, renal dysfunction, stroke, and device malfunction. In model 1, characteristics were comparable between 3,195 women and 3,195 men, except women more often had preoperative RHF and postoperative right VAD support and had worse 1 year and overall survival. In model 2, after propensity matching for additional risk factors for preoperative RHF, 1,119 women and 1,119 men had comparable post-LVAD implant RVAD use and survival. These findings suggest that women present more often with biventricular failure and after implantation have higher RHF and mortality rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-476
Number of pages8
JournalASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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