Severe intraoperative hyperglycemia is independently associated with surgical site infection after liver transplantation

Chulsoo Park, Chehao Hsu, Gundappa Neelakanta, Hamid Nourmand, Michelle Braunfeld, Christopher Wray, Randolph H. Steadman, Ke Qin Hu, Ronald T. Cheng, Victor W. Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND.: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common postoperative complication associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Although intraoperative hyperglycemia has been shown to be associated with adverse postoperative outcomes including overall infection rate in LT patients, a relationship between intraoperative hyperglycemia and SSI in LT has not been established. We sought to determine if intraoperative hyperglycemia was associated with SSI after LT. METHODS.: Patients undergoing LT at our medical center between January 2004 and November 2007 were included in the study. Recipient, donor, and intraoperative variables including a variety of glucose indices were retrospectively analyzed. Independent risk factors of SSI were identified using a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS.: Of 680 patients, 76 (11.2%) experienced postoperative SSIs. Among all intraoperative glucose indices analyzed, severe hyperglycemia (≥200 mg/dL) was independently associated with postoperative SSI (odds ratio [OR] 2.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26-4.03, P=0.006). Other independent risk factors include repeat surgery (OR 6.58, 95% CI 3.41-12.69, P<0.001), intraoperative administration of vasopressor (OR 3.14, 95% CI 1.65-5.95, P<0.001), preoperative mechanical ventilation (OR 3.01, 95% CI 1.70-5.33, P<0.001), and combined liver and kidney transplantation (OR 2.95, 95% CI 3.41-12.69, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS.: Severe, but not mild or moderate, intraoperative hyperglycemia is independently associated with postoperative SSI and should be avoided during LT surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1031-1036
Number of pages6
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 15 2009


  • Hyperglycemia
  • Liver transplantation
  • Outcome
  • Risk factors
  • Surgical site infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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