Service use data analysis of pre-pregnancy psychiatric and somatic diagnoses in women with hyperemesis gravidarum

Julia S. Seng, Jacquelyn A. Schrot, Cosmas Van De Ven, Israel Liberzon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. The purpose of this study was to redress weaknesses in past studies of a psychogenic etiology for hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) by (1) estimating from a known population what proportion of HG cases also have psychiatric diagnoses, (2) determining if psychiatric disorder preceded HG, and (3) re-considering whether non-pregnancy somatic conditions also precede HG. Methods. We analyzed insurance data for all 11,016 members who gave birth to singletons in 2000-2004, 208 of whom had HG. Results. Prevalence of HG was 1.8% overall, 3.8% with one psychiatric diagnosis, 5.8% with >1 psychiatric diagnosis. One in 10 HG cases had pre-pregnancy depression, anxiety, or substance abuse diagnoses. One in five HG cases had either a psychiatric or a somatic condition (e.g., chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea) diagnosis prior to pregnancy. Pre-pregnancy psychiatric diagnosis doubled the adjusted odds of HG. Combined psychiatric and somatic diagnoses quadrupled the adjusted odds of HG. Discussion. Vomiting is a non-specific sign that may have multiple etiologies. For 10-20% of HG sufferers, vomiting may be a physical comorbidity of a psychiatric condition occurring in the context of pregnancy. Psychobiological research with HG cases with past or current psychiatric diagnoses is needed to consider plausible mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-217
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Depression
  • Hyperemesis gravidarum
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Psychophysiologic disorders
  • Psychosomatic medicine
  • Vomiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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