Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have dramatically changed the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and are increasingly used in other malignancies. Despite the apparent selectivity of these agents significant side effects can occur mainly due to off target kinase inhibition. Clinical consequences of serosal inflammation, including pleural and pericardial effusions, have emerged as a frequent adverse event associated with dasatinib while occurring much less frequently during imatinib and nilotinib therapy. The pathogenesis is uncertain but may involve inhibition of platelet derived growth factor or expansion of cytotoxic T and natural killer cells. The development of serosal inflammation with dasatinib poses a significant challenge to physicians, as it cannot be predicted, the time of onset is variable, and management frequently requires repeat invasive procedures.
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Pleural/pericardial effusions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)