Background: We present data on a cohort of patients diagnosed with sepsis over a 10-year period comparing outcomes in solid organ transplant (SOT) and non–solid organ transplant (non–SOT) recipients. Methods: This is a retrospective single-center study of patients with diagnosis of sepsis from 1/1/06 to 6/30/16. Cases and controls were matched by year of sepsis diagnosis with propensity score matching. Conditional logistic regression and repeated measurement models were performed for binary outcomes. Trends over time for in-hospital mortality were determined using the Cochran-Armitage test. A gamma-distributed model was performed on the continuous variables. Results: Overall, there were 18 632 admission encounters with a discharge diagnosis of sepsis in 14 780 unique patients. Of those admissions, 1689 were SOT recipients. After 1:1 matching by year, there were three thousand three hundred and forty patients (1670 cases; 1670 controls) diagnosed with sepsis. There was a decreasing trend for in-hospital mortality for sepsis over time in SOT patients and non–SOT patients (P <.05) due to early sepsis recognition and improved standard of care. Despite higher comorbidities in the SOT group, conditional logistic regression showed that in-hospital mortality for sepsis in SOT patients was similar compared with non–SOT patients (odds ratio [OR] =1.14 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.95-1.37], P =.161). However, heart and lung SOT subgroups had higher odds of dying compared with the non–SOT group (OR = 1.83 [95% CI, 1.30-2.57], P <.001 and OR = 1.77 [95% CI, 1.34-2.34], P <.001). On average, SOT patients had 2 days longer hospital length of stay compared with non–SOT admissions (17.00 ± 19.54 vs 15.23 ± 17.07, P <.05). Additionally, SOT patients had higher odds of hospital readmission within 30 days (OR = 1.25 [95% CI, 1.06-1.51], P =.020), and higher odds for DIC compared with non–SOT patients (OR = 1.76 [95% CI, 1.10-2.86], P =.021). Conclusion: Sepsis in solid organ transplants and non–solid organ transplant patients have similar mortality; however, the subset of heart and lung transplant recipients with sepsis has a higher rate of mortality compared with the non–solid organ transplant recipients. SOT with sepsis as a group has a higher hospital readmission rate compared with non–transplant sepsis patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13214
Pages (from-to)e13214
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
Issue number1
Early online dateNov 21 2019
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • acute kidney injury
  • and sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • organ dysfunction
  • sepsis
  • septic shock
  • severe sepsis
  • solid organ transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Transplantation


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