Sellar Floor Reconstruction with the Medpor Implant Versus Autologous Bone after Transnasal Transsphenoidal Surgery: Outcome in 200 Consecutive Patients

Brandon D. Liebelt, Meng Huang, David S. Baskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The Medpor porous polyethylene implant provides benefits to perform sellar floor reconstruction when indicated. This material has been used for cranioplasty and reconstruction of skull base defects and facial fractures. We present the most extensive use of this implant for sellar floor reconstruction and document the safety and benefits provided by this unique implant. Methods The medical charts for 200 consecutive patients undergoing endonasal transsphenoidal surgery from April 2008 through December 2011 were reviewed. Material used for sellar floor reconstruction, pathologic diagnosis, immediate inpatient complications, and long-term complications were documented and analyzed. Outpatient follow-up was documented for a minimum of 1-year duration, extending in some patients up to 5 years. Results Of the 200 consecutive patients, 136 received sellar floor cranioplasty using the Medpor implant. Postoperative complications included 6 complaints of sinus irritation or drainage, 1 postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak requiring operative re-exploration, 1 event of tension pneumocephalus requiring operative decompression, 1 case of aseptic meningitis, 1 subdural hematoma, and 1 case of epistaxis. The incidence of these complications did not differ from the autologous nasal bone group in a statistically significant manner. Conclusions Sellar floor reconstruction remains an important part of transsphenoidal surgery to prevent postoperative complications. Various autologous and synthetic options are available to reconstruct the sellar floor, and the Medpor implant is a safe and effective option. The complication rate after surgery is equivalent to or less frequent than other methods of reconstruction and the implant is readily incorporated into host tissue after implantation, minimizing infectious risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-245
Number of pages6
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Endonasal
  • Endoscopic
  • Medpor
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Polyethylene implant
  • Sellar floor reconstruction
  • Transsphenoidal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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