As a representative chemotherapeutic drug, docetaxel (DTX) has been used for breast cancer treatment for decades. However, the poor solubility of DTX limits its efficacy, and the DTX based therapy increases the metastasis risk due to the upregulation of C–X–C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) expression during the treatment. Herein, we conjugated CXCR4 antagonist peptide (CTCE) with DTX (termed CTCE–DTX) as an anti-metastasis agent to treat breast cancer. CTCE–DTX could self-assemble to nanoparticles, targeting CXCR4-upregulated metastatic tumor cells and enhancing the DTX efficacy. Thus, the CTCE–DTX NPs achieved promising efficacy on inhibiting both bone-specific metastasis and lung metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer. Our work provided a rational strategy on designing peptide–drug conjugates with synergistic anti-tumor efficacy.
- Drug delivery
- Drug formulation
- Peptide–drug conjugates
- Triple-negative breast cancer
- Tumor metastasis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)