Selection of human antitumor single-chain Fv antibodies from the B-cell repertoire of patients immunized against autologous neuroblastoma

Claudia Rossig, Jed G. Nuchtern, Malcolm Brenner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. We used phage display technology to clone human recombinant antitumor antibodies from the antibody repertoire of neuroblastoma patients immunized with cytokine-gene transduced tumor cells. Procedure. Lymphocytes obtained from neuroblastoma patients either at diagnosis or after immunization with an autologous interleukin-2 gene transduced tumor vaccine were used to construct two human single-chain Fv (scFV) phage libraries. Tumor-reactive phage were characterized using ELISA, flow cytometry, and sequencing analysis. Result. The initial screening after panning on neuroblastoma cells yielded a substantially higher proportion of selectivity tumor-binding phage clones derived from the immunized patients library (12.9%) than from the unvaccinated patients library (0.8%). The antibodies stained the cells from several additional pediatric malignancies, including Ewing sarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma, in the absence of binding to any normal tissue cultures or epithelial tumor cell lines. The pattern of reactivity was different from that of antibodies recognizing other widely distributed neuroblastoma-associated antigens, suggesting recognition of a novel shared tumor antigen. Conclusion. The human recombinant scFV antibodies reported here appear to represent a tumor-specific B-cell response induce by autologous tumor immunization and are potentially useful targeting moieties for the treatment of selected childhood tumors. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-695
Number of pages4
JournalMedical and Pediatric Oncology
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2000

Keywords

  • Antitumor antibody
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Phage display

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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