Viral infections of the central nervous system in infants and children are uncommon but potentially serlous illnesses. Common causes have included the enteroviruses (particularly polloviruses and coxsackieviruses), herpes viruses (type 1 and type 2 herpes simplex, varicella, and cytomegalovirus), arboviruses, rubella, mumps, measies (including subacute sclerosing panencephalitls), and human immunodeficiency virus. Several of these viruses, such as cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, and vertically transmitted human immunodeficiency virus, may cause congenital infections. Others are acquired later in childhood. In recent years, immunization programs have significantly reduced the occurrence of some of these diseases. A brief survey of the clinical and pathological manifestations of these illnesses will be discussed along with current incidence data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology