Salvage Locoregional Therapy Following Progression After Radiotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Is Associated with Improved Outcomes

Yuan Mao Lin, Bryan M. Fellman, Ryosuke Taiji, Iwan Paolucci, Jessica Albuquerque Marques Silva, Eugene J. Koay, Rony Avritscher, Armeen Mahvash, Emma B. Holliday, Sunyoung S. Lee, Ahmed O. Kaseb, Prajnan Das, Jean Nicolas Vauthey, Bruno C. Odisio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To evaluate the impact of salvage locoregional therapy (salvage-LT) on survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients presenting with intrahepatic tumor progression following radiotherapy. Methods: This single-institution retrospective analysis included consecutive HCC patients having intrahepatic tumor progression following radiotherapy during 2015–2019. Overall survival (OS) was calculated from the date of intrahepatic tumor progression after initial radiotherapy by using the Kaplan–Meier method. Log-rank tests and Cox regression models were used for univariable and multivariable analyses. An inverse probability weighting was used to estimate treatment effect of salvage-LT considering confounding factors. Results: A total of 123 patients (mean age ± SD, 70 years ± 10; 97 men) were evaluated. Among those, 35 patients underwent 59 sessions of salvage-LT, including transarterial embolization/chemoembolization (n = 33), ablation (n = 11), selective internal radiotherapy (n = 7), and external beam radiotherapy (n = 8). At a median follow-up of 15.1 months (range, 3.4–54.5 months), the median OS was 23.3 months in patients who received salvage-LT and 6.6 months who did not. At multivariate analysis, ECOG performance status, Child–Pugh class, albumin-bilirubin grade, extrahepatic disease, and lack of salvage-LT were independent predictors of worse OS. After inverse probability weighting, salvage-LT was associated with a survival benefit of 8.9 months (95% CI: 1.1, 16.7 months; p = 0.03). Conclusions: Salvage locoregional therapy is associated with increased survival in HCC patients suffering from intrahepatic tumor progression following initial radiotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
  • Liver neoplasms
  • Radiotherapy
  • Salvage therapy
  • Survival analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


Dive into the research topics of 'Salvage Locoregional Therapy Following Progression After Radiotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Is Associated with Improved Outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this