Background: Radiofrequency ablation at the region of the sinus of Valsalva carries a risk to the ostia of the coronary arteries. Coronary angiography is usually utilized to document a safe distance for mapping and ablation. Objective: To show that catheter ablation in the aortic root could be guided by phased-array intra cardiac echocardiography (ICE) and electro anatomic mapping without the need for coronary angiography. Methods: We reviewed all patients referred to our lab that underwent mapping and/or ablation in the sinus of Valsalva region. Procedures were carried out by operators that are skilled in the use of ICE. The need for angiography was documented, also the rate of success along with the immediate and 30-day complications rate. Results: Seventy patients (average age 48.7 ± 13.8 years; 64.3% males) were referred for ablation of ventricular and atrial arrhythmias. PVC constituted 95.7% of the cases. All patients underwent mapping and/or ablation at the sinus of Valsalva region without the need for coronary angiography to visualize the coronary ostia. Acute and effective ablation was achieved in 57 out of 70 (81.4%) patients partially effective ablation was achieved in 10 (14.3%) patients, and failure to ablate in the remaining 3 patients (4.3%). There was no occurrence of any adverse events, neither immediately or at day 30 after the procedure. Conclusion: In the hands of experienced operators, mapping and radiofrequency ablation in the sinus of Valsalva can be safely and reliably performed using intracardiac echocardiography alone without the need for supplementary catheter coronary angiography.
- Aortic cusp
- Catheter ablation
- Intracardiac echocardiography
- Premature ventricular contractions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)