Previous clinical use of the Rotablator® in coronary artery disease has involved a sequential increase in burr sizes up to 2 mm in diameter and has often utilized balloon adjunct to achieve an optimal result. We report our experience and describe our technique using a single, large burr (2.25, 2.5, or 2.75 mm diameter) without balloon assistance. The burr size was selected to approximate 70-90 percent of the apparent normal lumen diameter. Thirty- one patients with 36 lesions of complex morphology (eccentric, irregular, calcified, ulcerated, at bends, at bifurcations, completely occluded, as well as balloon failures) were successfully treated with the Rotablator®. Results were assessed by computerized quantitative angiography. The percent diameter stenosis (mean ± SD) for the group was reduced from 69.8 ± 11.3% to 30.9 ± 10% (p < 0.001). The mean absolute diameter stenosis increased from 0.9 ± 0.3 mm to 2.2 ± 0.3 mm (p < 0.001). Angiographically visible dissections were seen in 4 patients and were uncomplicated in 2. One patient had a non-Q- wave myocardial infarction. A fourth patient had a presumed acute occlusion 36 hr after the procedure, necessitating emergency bypass surgery, but without Q waves on the electrocardiogram or wall-motion abnormalities on the echocardiogram. Nitroglycerin was infused through the Rotablator® catheter and has considerably lowered the degree and frequency of spasm. No other acute complications occurred. The mean procedure time using a single burr was shorter than when multiple burrs were used: 56.5 vs. 97.3 min, respectively (p < 0.05). The use of a single, large-size Rotablator® burr is an effective method of treating complex coronary stenoses without balloon assistance and has an encouragingly low complication rate and short procedure time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine