Since the introduction of laparoscopy and robotic surgery in gynecologic practice in the last several decades, use of these minimally invasive surgical techniques has increased dramatically. The role of minimally invasive surgical techniques continues to expand because they offer reduced intraoperative and postoperative complications, less intraoperative blood loss, and a shorter postoperative recovery. Despite initial concerns about the use of minimally invasive surgery in gynecologic oncology, this approach has been shown to be safe and effective in the management of uterine and cervical cancer, and minimally invasive surgical management of these malignancies is now commonplace. Concerns remain regarding the use of minimally invasive surgery for the staging and management of ovarian cancer, including concerns regarding the adequacy of abdominal exploration and staging with minimally invasive approaches compared to traditional laparotomy and the risks and implications of intra-operative tumor cyst rupture and port-site metastases. However, several case series, retrospective reviews, and case-control studies have demonstrated thatminimally invasive surgery is both safe and effective for the staging of borderline ovarian tumors and early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer when performed by a trained gynecologic oncologist. Data to support the role of minimally invasive surgery for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer are scant and use of minimally invasive surgery in this setting is not recommended.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)