Role of CAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein in panobinostat-mediated potentiation of bortezomib-induced lethal endoplasmic reticulum stress in mantle cell lymphoma cells

Rekha Rao, Srilatha Nalluri, Warren Fiskus, Andrew Savoie, Kathleen M. Buckley, Kyungsoo Ha, Ramesh Balusu, Atul Joshi, Veena Coothankandaswamy, Jianguo Tao, Eduardo Sotomayor, Peter Atadja, Kapil N. Bhalla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Bortezomib induces unfolded protein response (UPR) and endoplasmic reticulumstress, as well as exhibits clinical activity in patients with relapsed and refractory mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Here, we determined the molecular basis of the improved in vitro and in vivo activity of the combination of the panhistone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat and bortezomib againsthuman, cultured, and primary MCL cells. Experimental Design: Immunoblot analyses, reverse transcription-PCR, and immunofluorescent and electron microscopy were used to determine the effects of panobinostat on bortezomib-induced aggresome formation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in MCL cells. Results: Treatment with panobinostat induced heat shock protein 90 acetylation; depleted the levels of heat shock protein 90 client proteins, cyclin-dependent kinase 4, c-RAF, and AKT; and abrogated bortezomib-induced aggresome formation in MCL cells. Panobinostat also induced lethal UPR, associated with induction of CAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP). Conversely, knockdown of CHOP attenuated panobinostat-induced cell death of MCL cells. Compared with each agent alone, cotreatment with panobinostat increased bortezomib-induced expression of CHOP and NOXA, as well as increased bortezomib-induced UPR and apoptosis of cultured and primary MCL cells. Cotreatment with panobinostat also increased bortezomib-mediated in vivo tumor growth inhibition and improved survival of mice bearing human Z138C MCL cell xenograft. Conclusion: These findings suggest that increased UPR and induction of CHOP are involved in enhanced anti-MCL activity of the combination of panobinostat and bortezomib.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4742-4754
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume16
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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