Role for Gβγ G-proteins in protease regulation during remodeling of the murine femoral artery

Yiping Zou, Yuyang Fu, Mark G. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Intimal hyperplasia remains the principal lesion in the development of restenosis after vessel wall injury. G-protein coupled receptors are involved in smooth muscle cell proliferation but the role of Gβγ in arterial intimal hyperplasia has not been well defined. The aim of this study is to characterize the expression of Gβγ G-proteins in the developing intimal hyperplasia in a murine model and the impact of disruption of Gβγ signaling on intimal hyperplasia development. Methods: The murine femoral wire injury model was employed. Specimens were perfusion-fixed and sections were stained with H&E and Movat's stains such that morphometry could be performed using an Image-Pro system. Additional specimens of femoral artery were also harvested and snap frozen for Western blotting for the Gβγ expression and for Western blotting and zymography to allow for the study of gelatinase and plasminogen activator expression and activation. Contralateral vessels were used as controls. Additional vessels were immersed in pluronic gel containing an adenovirus with the Gβγ inhibitor βARKCT. Results: The injured femoral arteries developed intimal hyperplasia, while sham vessels did not produce such a response. Cell proliferation peaked at 3-5 d and cell migration at 7 d after injury. There was a marked time-dependent increase in Gβγ over the 28 d following injury. Inhibition of Gβγ with βARKCT inhibited cell proliferation, cell migration and the development of intimal hyperplasia. Inhibition of Gβγ decreased peak uPA activity and expression without increasing early PAI-1 activity and expression. Inhibition of Gβγ reduced peak MMP-2 activity at d 1 but not at d 7 and also reduced peak MMP-9 activity at d 3. Protein expression for both MMP-2 and MMP-9 was also transiently decreased. There were no changes in TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 expression and activity. Conclusions: These data demonstrate a time-dependent increase in Gβγ G-protein expression following wire injury in the mouse. Inhibition of Gβγ alters cell proliferation and migration with associated changes in MMP-2, MMP-9, and uPA expression and activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 2012


  • Arterial injury
  • G-proteins
  • Proteases
  • Response to injury
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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