Robotic catheter ablation of left ventricular tachycardia: Initial experience

Miguel Valderrábano, Amish S. Dave, José L. Báez-Escudero, Tapan Rami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) can be technically challenging due to difficulty with catheter positioning in the left ventricle (LV) and achieving stable contact. The Hansen Sensei Robotic system (HRS) has been used in atrial fibrillation but its utility in VT is unclear. Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the technical feasibility of robotic catheter ablation of LV ventricular tachycardia (VT) using the HRS. Methods: Twenty-three patients underwent LV VT mapping and ablation with the HRS via a transseptal, transmitral valve approach. Nineteen patients underwent substrate mapping and ablation (18 had ischemic cardiomyopathy, 1 had an apical variant of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy). Four patients had focal VT requiring LV VT mapping and ablation. Procedural endpoints included substrate modification by endocardial scar border ablation and elimination of late potentials, or elimination of inducible focal VT. Results: Mapping and ablation were entirely robotic without requiring manual catheter manipulation in all patients and reaching all LV regions with stable contact. Fluoroscopy time of the LV procedure was 22.2 ± 11.2 minutes. Radiofrequency time was 33 ± 21 minutes. Total procedural times were 231 ± 76 minutes. Complications included a left groin hematoma (opposite to the HRS sheath), 1 pericardial effusion without tamponade that was drained successfully, and transient right ventricular failure in a patient with previous left ventricular assist device. At 13.4 ± 6.7 months of follow-up (range 119 months), recurrence of VT occurred in 3 of 23 patients. Conclusion: Our initial experience suggests that the HRS allows successful mapping and ablation of LV VT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1837-1846
Number of pages10
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Catheter ablation
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Left ventricular assist device
  • Robotic navigation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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